Dec 24, 2015

Press Release

Panasonic Develops a Stretchable Resin Film and Its Application Materials For Stretchable Electronics

A stretchable insulating resin film is developed. This film stretches to 2.5 times the original length and then returns to the original form. A transparent electrode and a conductive paste using this film material are also developed.

Osaka, Japan - Panasonic Corporation announced today that the company has developed a soft, flexible, and stretchable[1] polymer resin film using its proprietary stretchable resin technology. The Company will also provide a transparent electrode material[2] and conductive paste[3] along with this insulating film.

This newly developed material is an insulating film material that stretches and returns to its original shape, a feature that is hard to find in conventional flexible materials. It adapts to desired manners of folding and to varying free-form surfaces, substantially reducing existing design constraints. For example, it enables the construction of soft and stretchable electronic devices that are adaptable to a variety of forms, such as of clothing and the body. The newly developed material is deployable in a broad range of applications, from wearable devices to sensors, displays, and robots.

The stretchable resin film offers the following features developed on the basis of the Company's proprietary stretchable resin technology.

1. Soft and stretchable insulating film material that comes with excellent elasticity
■ Tensile elongation: x 2.5 or more

2. Insulating film material capable of relaxing internal stresses arising from stretch, returning to its original shape, and withstanding repeated use
■ Percentage of stress relaxation: 60%*1
■ Recovery rate: 98% or more*2

3. Additional development of a stretchable transparent electrode material and conductive paste along with the insulating material

*1 Results of in-house stress relaxation test (Conditions: 50% stretch for 30 min)

*2 Results of in-house stretch-recovery test (Conditions: 25 mm/min stretch rate and 0.1 mm/min recovery rate)

The newly developed film and materials will be on exhibition at the 17th Printed Wiring Boards Expo held from January 13 to 15, 2016 at Tokyo Big Sight.

Features in Detail

1. Soft and stretchable insulating film material that comes with excellent elasticity

Against the backdrop of the development of various wearable devices, there is a growing demand for reduced odd feel from wearing them and more aesthetically pleasing design, as well as for a smaller size and thinner profile. Polyurethane and rubber materials need to overcome challenges associated with adhesion, heat resistance, and embrittlement. Demand is high for a conformable material that is excellent in terms of heat resistance, durability, and workability. Noting the proven performance of conventionally used thermosetting resin[4] and applying the Company's proprietary resin design technology that can add superb elasticity to the material, Panasonic has developed an insulating material made of thermosetting resin, which is, surprisingly, flexible and stretchable. This soft and stretchable insulating film material helps realize electronic devices for wearing or installation at desired locations.

2. Insulating film material capable of relaxing internal stresses arising from stretch, returning to its original shape, and withstanding repeated use

Devices implemented on clothing or worn on the body should be made of materials that withstand repeated use and allow no change in mechanical properties even after repeated deformation (stretch and restore). Generally, materials subjected to repeated stretch and restore would tend to degrade in mechanical strength and recovery performance. Going beyond simple softening, Panasonic employed a unique resin design technology that makes optimal use of the characteristic three-dimensional cross-linked structure[5] of thermosetting resin. By relaxing internal stresses arising from stretch, the newly developed insulating material returns to its original shape and withstands repeated use. This material helps realize electronic devices that remain wearable for an extended period of time.

3. Additional development of a stretchable transparent electrode material and conductive paste along with the insulating material

Devices implemented on clothing or worn on the body must be made of not only stretchable insulating materials, but also soft and stretchable conductive materials. Using a stretchable resin as a base material, Panasonic has also developed a transparent electrode material and conductive paste that remain conductive even after repeated cycles of stretch and restore. The transparent electrode material comprises a thin conductive layer of carbon nanotubes[6] formed on the base material of stretchable resin. The conductive paste was produced by combining the stretchable resin, used as a binder, with silver filler. These materials help realize stretchable display devices and sensors.

Technologies in Detail

1. The Company's original resin design technology to produce a stretchable insulating material from a thermosetting resin

Thermosetting resin are materials in wide and general use. Because they are subject to a trade-off between softness and heat resistance, it is a challenge to render them soft while retaining their heat resistance. Panasonic has developed a unique resin design technology to allow the material to have both soft and rigid components. This method differs from the conventional method of adding an elastomer[7]. This technology uses a three-dimensional cross-linked structure of thermosetting resin to relax stresses arising from stretch and restore. While ensuring compatibility between elasticity and stress relaxation, we have developed an insulating material, which, although made of a thermosetting resin, stretches and returns to its original shape to enable repeated use.

2. Design technology to produce a stretchable base material for stretchable transparent electrodes

ITO[8] is in wide use as transparent electrodes. Although it withstands bending to some extent, when subjected to folding or stretch, it easily develops cracks, thereby failing to retain its conductivity. To overcome this drawback, it is necessary to provide crack-free flexibility and ensure a conductive path for retaining the material's conductivity even under stretch or deformation conditions. Panasonic has developed a technology designed to form a thin transparent conductive layer comprising conductive carbon nanotubes of an exceptionally high aspect ratio on a base material of a stretchable resin film produced with the optimal materials design for stretch and restore. Employing carbon nanotubes to form a conductive path, thereby providing compatibility between stretchability and conductivity, we have created a stretchable transparent electrode material that retains conductivity even after deformation.

3. Technology to combine a stretchable polymer and a conductive filler for the production of stretchable conductive paste

Usually, copper or other metal wiring would break when its base material stretches or contracts. Due to this problem, it is not easy to use metal wiring to form complex circuits. Furthermore, metal fatigue resulting from deformation makes it difficult to achieve metal wiring that withstands repeated stretch. Panasonic has developed a technology to combine a stretchable resin as a binder with a silver filler. The result is conductive paste that retains a conductive path, hence conductivity, even after stretch and restore.


[1] Stretchable
The stretchable, or elastic, resin film is intended for use in stretchable electronic devices.
[2] Transparent electrode material
An electrically conductive clear material
[3] Conductive paste
Paste applied to provide conductivity when forming electronic circuits
[4] Thermosetting resin
A thermosetting resin (or plastic) is liquid or solid prior to molding, exhibits fluidity at room temperature or when heated, and cures by the addition of a curing agent or a catalyst or continued application of heat to achieve molding. Once hardened, thermosetting plastics would not melt if it is reheated. Typical thermosetting resin grades include phenol-formaldehyde resin, urea-formaldehyde resin, melamine resin, epoxy resin, and polyurethanes.
[5] Three-dimensional cross-linked structure
A cross-link is a bond that links one polymer chain to another using chemical agents. The three-dimensional structure means a networked polymer structure by more advanced cross-linking.
[6] Carbon nanotube
The term "carbon nanotube" is a compound of the words "carbon," "nanometer," and "tube." A carbon tube is a cylindrical structure of meshes of bonded carbon atoms. A carbon nanotube is extremely thin, in the order of nanometers in diameter, its thickness being about 50,000 times thinner than the thickness of human hair.
[7] Elastomer
A generic term for industrial materials with rubber-like elasticity. The term "elastomer" is a compound of the words "elastic" and "polymer."
[8] ITO
Indium tin oxide (ITO) is electrically conductive and high in transmittance in the range of visible radiation and therefore is used to make transparent electrodes. Its principal applications include flat-panel displays (FPDs) that use LCD, PD, and organic EL panels.

About Panasonic

Panasonic Corporation is a worldwide leader in the development of diverse electronics technologies and solutions for customers in the consumer electronics, housing, automotive, enterprise solutions, and device industries. Since its founding in 1918, the company has expanded globally and now operates 468 subsidiaries and 94 associated companies worldwide, recording consolidated net sales of 7.715 trillion yen for the year ended March 31, 2015. Committed to pursuing new value through innovation across divisional lines, the company uses its technologies to create a better life and a better world for its customers. To learn more about Panasonic:

Media Contacts:

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